German Cockroach, American Cockroach, Brownbanded Cockroach, Oriental Cockroach
Cockroaches are a very prevalent type of house intruder. Their remarkable capacity for adaptation has resulted in them becoming one of the most populous animals on the earth, thriving in practically every habitat. The German, Brown Banded, American, Oriental, and Pennsylvania Wood cockroaches are some of the most frequent species found in Wisconsin. Any area visited or inhabited by people has the potential to harbor cockroaches, and no location or residence is immune to their capacity to move to or occupy.
Adult German cockroaches are between 1.25cm - 1.6cm in length, are light brown in color, and have two lines running down their thorax (near the head) and two long antennae. While German cockroaches do have wings, they do not often fly. The nymphs range in color from dark brown to black and have a distinct brown mark or stripe along the middle of their back. They lack wings but retain their two long antennae.
Brown banded cockroaches are around 1cm - 1.25cm in length, and males are often bigger than females. Females are oval-shaped with wings that are shorter than their bodies, but males are elongated with full-length wings. Adults and nymphs alike are identified by two brown bands around the abdomen; one at the base and another in the center. Adult males are capable of flying and will do so when pushed.
Oriental cockroaches are around 2cm long, very dark brown or black in appearance, and their exoskeleton appears to have a glossy sheen. Males have wings that are shorter than the length of their bodies, but evidence shows they are unable to fly, while females lack wings in favor of functionless wing pads. Females also have a bigger physique than males.
All three of these species have extremely similar life cycles. They all undergo a straightforward metamorphosis: Egg to Nymph to Adult, and females all carry their eggs in capsules. Some of the more minor changes involve the quantity of eggs and the location of the capsules. Female German cockroaches carry the most eggs in their capsules, up to 50 in each. She will carry a capsule until the eggs hatch, which takes around 28 days. She will generate up to eight capsules over the course of her life, at a rate of around one capsule every six weeks.
The Oriental female cockroach, on the other hand, will carry her capsule for just over a day before dropping it in a sheltered place near a food supply. The Oriental cockroach capsule contains around 16 eggs, and depending on the temperature, the eggs may hatch in as little as 60 days.
Additionally, the Brown Banded female cockroach does not carry her capsules for more than a day, but instead attaches them to walls, under appliances, and in quiet spots. The hatching time for these capsules varies between 35 and 100 days, depending on the temperature. In her lifespan, the Brown banded female may lay up to 14 capsules.
Three adjectives sum up the environment of all three varieties: wet, dark, isolated, and warm. Oriental cockroaches have been observed living in sewers and sewage drains. German roaches are frequently found in cracks and crevices beneath kitchen sinks and cupboards, along base boards near water sources, in warm locations on or near a refrigerator or cook stove, and behind the splash board of your counter tops. They are also prevalent in bathrooms, in locations comparable to the kitchen, and in open toilet and bathtub gaps. Cockroaches flourish in filthy circumstances, where populations expand at a considerably faster rate than in hygienic conditions.
Cockroaches consume the same foods as humans and their pets and have been linked to dysentery, Staphylococcus aureus, food poisoning, and diarrhea. Allergic responses to cockroach excrement are also possible.
Sanitation alone will not suppress cockroaches, but it can slow the population's growth and is therefore a crucial component of management, as does the use of poison baits. Sanitation, poison baits, and pesticides are the only strategies that can effectively control cockroaches when used in combination. It is critical to remember that cockroaches have acquired great resistance to a variety of pesticides over time, and just because a pesticide is labeled for cockroach control does not imply it will be successful. This simply implies that it is effective against cockroaches. While professionally applied poison baits are extremely successful when correctly placed and introduced into the population, there is usually a need for variety, since many species exhibit bait shyness.
Prompt Action Pest Control's personnel are licensed and qualified to utilize a range of insecticides and poison baits. Additionally, we receive ongoing training on probable pesticide resistance. We employ a multi-pronged strategy that involves the use of pesticides and poison baits, as well as the introduction of an IGR into a population to assist in preventing future reproduction.